This selection of prints represents well the renaissance in American printmaking, when experimentation, innovation and collaboration were the hallmarks of the creative process.
During this period newly formed printmaking studios throughout the U.S. expanded their facilities and provided a wider range of techniques, technologies and skilled printmakers to work directly with the resident artists. Tamarind Lithography Workshop, founded in 1960 in Los Angeles (since 1985 located in Albuquerque, New Mexico), had a mission to both work with artists and train new lithographers. While Gemini, G.E.L. in Los Angeles; Universal Limited Art Editions in West Islip, New York; Petersburg Press, New York; and Tyler Graphics in Mount Kisco, New York emphasized the close working relationship between the master printmaker and the individual artist, providing collaborations which lasted in many instances for decades. Kenneth Tyler was one printmaker who first studied at Tamarind in 1963 where he became technical director, then in 1965 he left Tamarind and formed his own studio, Gemini Ltd. In 1969 he joined with Sidney Felson and Stanely Grinstein to form Gemini, G.E.L. where he stayed until 1974, when he decided to move to New York State where he then formed Tyler Graphics. One major work in this current exhibition from Tyler Graphics is Stella's Pergusa Three State 1. *
Many artists in 1960s who were bringing the "image" back into their work, especially the Pop artists, began to recognize that printmaking was no longer merely a method for reproduction but that it held the possibility of engagement and challenge equal to that of painting and sculpture.
Jasper Johns maintained a long and productive relationship with Tatyana Grosman at Universal Limited Art Editions where he completed Coat Hanger 1 in 1960 and The Seasons in 1987. John Lund who worked with Jasper Johns at ULAE on the printing of The Seasons has commented that for Johns it was "all about how he manipulates the techniques. composition is just a structure for him to work on and then all the techniques go into working through the idea of making something in print." Robert Rauschenberg was also actively involved at ULAE where in 1983 he printed Hotshot.
Frank Stella chose to work with Tyler Graphics to produce the intricate Pergusa Three State I in 1983; at the time this was one of the largest prints pulled at any press.
The unusual two sided print Radiance by Dorothea Rockburne was printed at Gemini G.E.L. in 1983; and in 1984 Lichtenstein printed both Two Paintings and Two Paintings; Sleeping Muse at Gemini. And prior to this Japser Johns used Gemini to produce Four Panels from Untitled 1972 in 1973-4.
Chuck Close, working closely with Joseph Wilfer at Pace Editions, created an entirely new method for printmaking to produce Phill III in 1982. Jim Dine also used Pace Editions to create L.A. Eyeworks and The Kindergarten Robes in the early 80s.
Andy Warhol set up his own silk screen studio calling it Factory Editions. The works by Warhol included in this exhibition are Factroy Editions.
LINKS TO LEADING PRINTMAKING STUDIOS:
Georg Baselitz, Head, 1981, woodcut
Sondro Cia, Two Boys on a Raft, 1982; etching, aquatint, chine-colle
Francesco Clemente, untitled, 1984, woodcut
Chuck Close, Phil III, 1982, handmade paper
Robert Cumming, Light in Window, Look to Floor, 1989, monotype
Robert Cumming, Smooth Mind Suite, 1989, lithograph
Jim Dine, L.A. Eyeworks, 1982, etching
Jim Dine, The Kindergarten Robes, 1983, woodcut
Jane Hammond. Tuner, 1993, mixed media
Edward Henderson, untitled ("L"), 1989, mixed media
Jasper Johns, Four Panels from Untitled 1972, 1973-4, lithograph
Jasper Johns, Coat Hanger I, 1960, lithograph
Jasper Johns, The Seasons, 191987, intaglio
Jasper Johns, Target with Four Faces, 1979, etching
Jasper Johns, Ventriloquist, 1986, lithograph
Ellsworth Kelly, untitled (Orange State I), 1988, lithograph
Ellsworth Kelly, Wall, 1979, etching and aquatint
Sherrie Levine, Meltdown, 1989
Sol LeWitt, Serial Systems, 1977
Roy Lichtenstein, Huh!, 1976, lithograph
Roy Lichtenstein, Two Paintings, 1984; woodcut, lithograph, screenprint, collage
Roy Lichtenstein, Two Paintings: Sleeping Muse, 1984; woodcut, lithograph, screenprint
Robert Longo, Jules, Gretchen, Mark State II, 1982-3, lithograph
Melissa Meyer, X, 1990, monoprint
Robert Motherwell, Elegy Study, 1978-9, lithograph
Robert Rauschenberg, Hotshot, 1983, lithograph and collage
Robert Rauschenberg, Signs, 1970, screenprint
Dorothea Rockburne, Radiance, 1983, lithograph, printed on both sides
Edward Ruscha, Indecision, 1982, etching
Edward Ruscha, Metro, Petro, Neuro, Psycho, 1982, etching
David Salle, Until Photographs Could be Taken from Earth Satellites, 1983, etching
Frank Stella, Bethlehem's Hospital (Black Series), 1967, lithograph
Frank Stella, Clinton Plaza (Black Series), 1967, lithograph
Frank Stella, Moultonville (from Eccentric Polygons), 1974, lithograph and screenprint
Frank Stella, Pergusa Three - State I, 1983, relief-printed etching and woodcut
Frank Stella, Shards, Variant IVA, 1982, lithograph and screenprint
Frank Stella, Singerli Variation Squared with Colored GroundIV, 1981
Frank Stella, Sunapee (from Eccentric Polygons), 1974, lithograph and screenprint
Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup I (Black Bean), 1968, screenprint
Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup I (Onion), 1968, screenprint
Andy Warhol, Campbell's Soup I (Pepper Pot), 1968, screenprint
Andy Warhol, $1, 1982, screenprint
Terry Winters, Furrows, 1989, woodcut